About every fifth child needs glasses. An ophthalmological examination to determine if and what visual aid is necessary, is possible at any age; Even with babies, glasses can make sense. Glasses are usually prescribed to compensate for ametropia. Whether it is a children's sunglasses, school sports glasses or a visual aid for the baby, parents should take a good look at children's glasses. Here are some important tips:
Children's eyes are sensitive - especially against UV radiation. Opticians repeatedly point out this, but mostly in vain: Children's sunglasses are still too often dismissed as the whimsy of eccentric parents. Wrong: The UV radiation contained in the sunlight can harm children's eyes much more than the eyes of adults. In addition, children's eyes do not have sufficient ability to protect the sensitive retina of the eye through pupil changes. Children should never wear the sunglasses: after all, the eye has to learn how to cope with different light conditions - but not on the beach or in high mountains, where the UV radiation is particularly intense.
Glasses in school sports
Even in school sports glasses-bearing children should not give up the right visual aid: good vision is essential for coordination and skill in sports. In particular, good vision with both eyes is important in sports: binocular vision provides three-dimensionality in the visual impression. Children who often miss the ball game or very often lose their balance during races and romping may not be lacking the talent for a sports star, but only suitable glasses. The should - as well as the sports glasses for the adults - as unbreakable, flexible and lightweight (plastic). Glasses made of mineral glass are taboo because of the risk of injury - here, too, plastic or even better the unbreakable polycarbonate is the material of choice.
When is the right time for the first glasses? There are many parents facing this question. Medicine and science answer with a slightly different proverb: Early practice of what an eagle eye wants to become! In the research on children's eye development, it has now been confirmed that the first years of life are of crucial importance for children's eyes. Seeing is fully developed from the first months of life to the age of about seven years. During this time, especially during the first two to three years, seeing must be learned. By learning what "right" seeing is, the baby's eyes are optimally trained. Therefore, even babies can wear glasses. The glasses are then less a typical visual aid, but rather a training device for the young eyes. The baby goggles, however, must be carefully adapted to the little head.
Tips for choosing the spectacle frame
- Child-friendly glasses are small and stable, but as light as possible, so that they do not cause pressure sores.
- A version with a narrow edge has the advantage that it hardly affects the field of vision.
- The size of the frame should fit the face: at the top it should reach down to the lower edge of the eyebrow, below it should cover the transitional fold between the eyelid skin and the cheek skin. Outside, she should not tower over the edge of the temple.
- An even support of the earhook ensures a stable, pressure-free fit. Soft, elastic straps, which almost reach the earlobe, give the goggles a good grip.
- The nose bridge has to provide the largest possible support surface to evenly distribute the weight of the glasses and to take into account the anatomical features of the child's face.
Adjustment of the glasses
If the glasses are optimally adjusted, the chances of the child accepting them increase in addition. First of all, exact centering is important: The optical center of the glass must correspond to the visual point of the eye. Any small deviation can cause problems - including headaches and double vision. The glasses should sit comfortably and correctly so that the children carry them constantly. Incidentally, the image of young eyeglass wearers is quite positive today - Harry Potter may have contributed to this. A recent study at Ohio State University found children with glasses aged six to ten to be smart and trustworthy.